General Suggestions For Improving Memory and Comprehension
1. Keep your sentences simple and give instructions in short sentences one at a time.
2. If you get no response or an incorrect response, repeat exactly what you said again OR if you get no response or a strange response, change how you said it or say something else that adds information. Pay close attention to what you said that may have been confusing so you can figure out where the error is coming from and make adjustments. Be sure you do not overload with too much verbiage.
3. Make sure they are attending. Watch the student for signs of inattention and observe what may be distracting them.
4. Prompt for evidence that you have been understood. Ask for a repeat of what you said or a paraphrase. If the student makes an error, explain it to them.
5. Exaggerate your natural stress and pausing pattern. This is a very effective strategy because it makes the natural chunks of information obvious and assists natural comprehension strategies.
8. Give much repetition and drill with examples. It seems that children with weak language skills need more examples of, and more practice with everything before the underlying principles can be abstracted.
9. Encourage the use of helping strategies. For example:
b. attention to relevant words or features of the environment being coded
c. writing down key words, etc.
10. When the student will necessarily be in situations where the skills of auditory memory and comprehension will be stressed, use every compensation possible, e.g., note takers for class, assignments given in written form, etc.